Drugs without the hot air

      David Nutt

Useful Websites:

Please find below all the URLs reference in the text of the second edition of Drugs without the hot air.

1 https://www.theyworkforyou.com/debate/?id=2011-07-13b.337.0
2 https://www.crimeandjustice.org.uk/sites/crimeandjustice.org.uk/files/Estimating%20drug%20harms.pdf
3 https://www.drugscope.org.uk/Resources/Drugscope/Documents/PDF/virtuallibrary/runcimanreport.pdf
4 https://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/nov/02/drug-policy-alan-johnson-nutt
5 https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/penalties-for-drug-use-must-reflect-harm-xxqfpgcl72d
6 https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/chief-medical-officer-vows-to-press-on-with-anti-alcohol-campaign-despite-no-10-rebuff-nsdhsh9z035
7 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-10990921
8 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/119088/mdma-report.pdf
9 https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20126953.300-editorial-drugs-drive-politicians-out-of-their-minds.html
10 https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1994/33/part/V/crossheading/powers-in-relation-to-raves
11 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a1PtQ67urG4
12 https://www.globalcommissionondrugs.org/wp-content/themes/gcdp_v1/pdf/Global_Com_Mike_Trace.pdf
13 https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/RAVE_Act
14 https://www.drugpolicy.org/news/2002/07/innocent-club-owners-young-people-vulnerable-under-rapidly-moving-rave-bill
15 https://www.horsedeathwatch.com/
16 https://www.ias.org.uk/uploads/pdf/News%20stories/dnutt-lancet-011110.pdf
17 https://www.bl.uk/collection-items/consideration-of-the-use-of-multicriteria-decision-analysis-in-drug-harm-decision-making
18 https://web.archive.org/web/20070711091250/www.catalyze.co.uk/?id=215
19 https://www.dailymail.co.uk/debate/article-1325788/Why-doesnt-Prof-David-Nutt-come-clean-admit-wants-legalise-drugs.html
20 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-11660210
21 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/119098/ketamine-report.pdf
22 https://www.unodc.org/pdf/convention_1961_en.pdf
23 https://www.boliviamundo.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Wonders-of-the-Coca-Leaf.pdf
24 https://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/89/3/10-079905.pdf
25 https://www.nps.gov/history/local-law/fhpl_indianrelfreact.pdf
26 https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199798/ldselect/ldsctech/151/15101.htm
27 https://archive.beckleyfoundation.org/2010/09/the-effects-of-cannabis-use-on-creativity/
28 https://www.ukcia.org/culture/history/colonial.php
29 https://digital.nls.uk/indiapapers/browse/pageturner.cfm?id=74908458
30 https://profdavidnutt.wordpress.com/2010/12/13/necessity-or-nastiness-the-hidden-law-denying-cannabis-for-medicinal-use/
31 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama
32 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Use_of_performance-enhancing_drugs_in_sport
33 https://vimeo.com/23580287
34 (obsolete)
35 https://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/parental-alcohol-misuse/practitioner-resources/swept-under-the-carpet
36 https://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/mar/07/safe-level-alcohol-consumption
37 https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2010/nov/05/alcohol-drug-worse-than-heroin?
38 https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/statistics-on-alcohol/2010
39 https://eucam.info/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/seven_key_messages_of_the_alcohol_industry.pdf
40 https://bmaopac.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/exlibris/aleph/a23_1/apache_media/THBYKIBRBLHGI14FAYSGNRN21DMV5L.pdf
41 https://www.cedro-uva.org/lib/levine.alcohol.html
42 https://policyexchange.org.uk/publication/cough-up-balancing-tobacco-income-and-costs-in-society/
43 https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2011/may/28/andrew-lansley-u-turn-public-health-cuts
44 https://profdavidnutt.wordpress.com/2011/01/19/teaching-the-tricks-of-the-liquor-trade/
45 https://www.theguardian.com/education/2009/nov/08/philip-laing-carnage-binge-drinking
46 https://www.ias.org.uk/Alcohol-knowledge-centre/Drink-driving.aspx
47 https://www.reuters.com/article/2008/07/01/us-minimum-drinking-age-idUSARM15193120080701
48 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10184803
49 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/7521446/Teenagers-death-latest-linked-to-mephedrone.html
50 https://web.archive.org/web/20120410092812/news.sky.com/home/uk-news/article/15501782
51 https://web.archive.org/web/20121021171139/www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/2747979/Lad-ripped-his-scrotum-off.html
52 https://www.theguardian.com/media/2010/apr/05/mephedrone-drug-media-scare-newspapers
53 https://web.archive.org/web/20120530222058/www.drugscience.org.uk/mephedronescience.html
54 https://web.archive.org/web/20100805110312/www.eveningtelegraph.co.uk/output/2010/05/31/story15149404t0.shtm
55 https://www.sgul.ac.uk/images/docs/idcp%20pdfs/National%20programme%20on%20substance%20abuse%20deaths/np-SAD_10th_annual_report.pdf
56 https://www.straightstatistics.org/article/banned-drug-may-have-saved-lives-not-cost-them
57 https://www.straightstatistics.org/article/mephedrone-and-cocaine-clues-army-testing
58 https://web.archive.org/web/20151019223334/blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/christopherhope/100033336/ban-on-miaow-miaow-party-drug-could-cost-britain-600million-in-lost-import-duty/
59 https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/resource/edrs-bulletin-december-2010-mephedrone-use-among-regular-ecstasy-consumers-australia
60 https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(10)60556-9/fulltext
61 https://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8601315.stm
62 https://web.archive.org/web/20120722095442/www.thisisscunthorpe.co.uk/Decision-outlaw-drug-connected-deaths/story-11171980-detail/story.html
63 https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(10)62021-1/fulltext
64 https://www.newscientist.com/mobile/article/dn18712-miaowmiaow-on-trial-truth-or-trumpedup-charges.html
65 https://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/10353130
66 https://transform-drugs.blogspot.com/2010/03/mephedrone-and-acmd-lessons-from-bzp.html?m=1
67 https://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/publications/alcohol-drugs/drugs/temporary-bans/temporary-class-drugs?view=Binary
68 https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2010/mar/17/mephedrone-class-d-solution-criminalise
69 https://drugscience.org.uk/new-psychoactive-substances-a-minimum-dataset/
70 https://www.emcdda.europa.eu/html.cfm/index132196EN.html
71 https://profdavidnutt.wordpress.com/2010/05/28/scunthorpe-two/
72 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/khat-report-2005--6
73 https://web.archive.org/web/20111122040110/www.camh.net/education/Resources_communities_organizations/stigma_subabuse_litreview99.pdf
74 https://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/may/20/pete-doherty-jailed-six-months
75 https://people.com/celebrity/divorce-drama-for-amy-winehouse/
76 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/celebritynews/1937076/Amy-Winehouse-bailed-over-drugs-video.html
77 https://content.usatoday.com/communities/entertainment/post/2011/09/amy-winehouse-died-after-detox-seizure-dad-says/1
78 https://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/en/PositionPaper_English.pdf
79 https://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2010/apr/20/conservatives-heroin-addiction-treatment-overhaul
80 https://profdavidnutt.wordpress.com/2010/06/09/crutch-or-cure-the-realities-of-methadone-treatment/
81 https://www.cato.org/pubs/wtpapers/greenwald_whitepaper.pdf
82 https://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/sep/05/portugal-drugs-debate
83 https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/publications/drug-policy-portugal-benefits-decriminalizing-drug-use
84 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/men/the-filter/qi/6833236/QI-quite-interesting-facts-about-wine.html
85 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crack_cocaine#Chemistry
86 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/19/cocaine-rainforests-columbia-santos-calderon
87 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-12177875
88 https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/tobacco/second-hand-smoke-fact-sheet
89 https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/smoking-ban-has-saved-40000-lives-856885.html
90 https://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs339/en/index.html
91 https://tobaccoatlas.org/topic/health-effects/
92 https://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/18/newsid_2519000/2519675.stm
93 https://www.smokefreeengland.co.uk/files/scoth_secondhandsmoke.pdf
94 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44324/
95 https://www.gutenberg.org/files/17008/17008-h/17008-h.htm
96 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gCMzjJjuxQI
97 https://www.industrydocuments.ucsf.edu/tobacco/docs/#id=zkph0129
98 https://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/mro/news-release/seventy-years-of-social-surveys/socsurv02092011-nr.html
99 https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200506/cmselect/cmhealth/485/48506.htm
100 https://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/cancer-unit/cancer-incidence-and-mortality/2006-2008/index.html
101 https://web.archive.org/web/20151107051808/http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/womenandsmoking/women-and-smoking-intro
102 https://www.nhs.uk/news/2010/06June/Pages/Heart-attacks-fall-after-smoking-ban.aspx
103 https://web.archive.org/web/20120924063849/http://www.opposingthe-uk-smokingban.org/
104 https://www.reuters.com/article/2009/07/31/us-smoking-odd-idUSTRE56U4BO20090731
105 https://www.badscience.net/2011/03/why-cigarette-packs-matter/
106 https://cgch.lshtm.ac.uk/tobacco/Handbook%2008.07.03.pdf
107 https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/health-professional/cancer-statistics/risk/tobacco
108 https://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/publications/science-research-statistics/research-statistics/crime-research/hosb1211/hosb1211?view=Binary
109 https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/statistics-on-smoking/statistics-on-smoking-england-2011
110 https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200910/cmselect/cmhaff/74/74i.pdf
111 https://www.dldocs.stir.ac.uk/documents/rdsolr1606.pdf
112 https://www.who.int/tobacco/en/atlas16.pdf
113 https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2042963/Tens-1000s-surgical-patients-die-needlessly-poor-NHS-care.html
114 https://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/2009/jul/26/tour-de-france-tom-simpson-tributes
115 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/119132/anabolic-steroids.pdf
116 https://www.nytimes.com/2003/09/10/sports/sprinter-likely-to-lose-medals.html
117 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/4532637/Michael-Phelps-suspended-for-three-months-over-bong-photograph.html
118 https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/schizophrenia/complete-index.shtml
119 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/europe/turkey/8678795/Wake-up-and-smell-the-coffee-in-Turkeys-beautiful-Izmir.html
120 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UQP1IsAv1jg
121 https://maps.org/news/media/530-will-harvard-drop-acid-again
122 https://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,905238,00.html
123 https://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/thereporters/markeaston/2010/12/can_we_imagine_a_britain_where.html
124 https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http:/www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/cabinetoffice/strategy/assets/drugs_report.pdf
125 https://www.globalcommissionondrugs.org/reports/the-war-on-drugs
126 (obsolete)
127 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/199232/2011-compendium-reoffending-stats-analysis.pdf
128 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10881453
129 https://www.gao.gov/new.items/d03172r.pdf
130 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44294/
131 https://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/6089/
132 https://web.archive.org/web/20130729193004/www.tdpf.org.uk/Policy_General_Strategy_Unit_Drugs_Report_phase_1.htm
133 https://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/featurestories/2009/march/20090312mbartosinterview
134 https://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/17/world/europe/17russia.html?_r=1&partner=rss&emc=rss
135 https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/russia-s-hiv-care-must-center-drug-users
136 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kCtxrm4cWPM
137 https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/peopleandpower/2011/07/2011720113555645271.html
138 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/apr/03/us-bank-mexico-drug-gangs
139 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-10681249
140 https://web.archive.org/web/20160212031819/www.huffingtonpost.com/2008/10/16/al-qaedas-drug-trade-keep_n_135352.html
141 https://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2011/08/28/f-mexico-drug-cartels.html
142 https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/assisting-guinea-bissau.html
143 https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200910/cmselect/cmpubacc/456/456.pdf
144 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1846683/pdf/brmedj02604-0038.pdf
145 https://phasa.org.za/2013/03/08/why-tobacco-is-a-public-health-priority/
146 https://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/global_alcohol_report/msbgsruprofiles.pdf
147 https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/WDR2011/Global_and_regional_overview.pdf
148 https://www.foxnews.com/world/2010/05/13/ap-impact-years-trillion-war-drugs-failed-meet-goals/
149 https://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/1955789.stm
150 https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/tory-contender-calls-for-more-liberal-drug-laws-505824.html
151 (obsolete)
152 https://web.archive.org/web/20121031161203/www.mind.org.uk/help/rights_and_legislation/statistics_8_the_criminal_justice_system
153 https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1320494/Kenneth-Clarke-Return-Victorian-style-prisons-hard-work-NO-drugs.html
154 https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20050816120000/http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/rrep155.html
155 https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/ken-clarke-plans-radical-reform-of-the-prison-system-2014307.html
156 https://www.child-soldiers.org
157 https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Phenylketonuria/Pages/Introduction.aspx
158 https://web.archive.org/web/20151026064535/http://www.sanger.ac.uk/about/history/hgp/
159 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-16342906
160 https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmselect/cmsctech/uc65-i/uc6502.htm
161 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/acmd-cannabis-classification-and-public-health-2008
162 https://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200910/cmselect/cmhealth/151/151i.pdf
163 https://download.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140673611605126.pdf
164 https://www.ecnp.eu/~/media/Files/ecnp/communication/reports/ECNP%20EBC%20Report.ashx
165 https://jop.sagepub.com/content/26/2/205.full.pdf+html
166 https://trends.google.co.uk/trends/explore?date=2008-01-01%202012-07-01&geo=GB&gprop=news&q=mephedrone%20deaths
167 https://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/acmd1/acmd-cathinodes-report-2010?view=Binary
168 https://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/mar/05/korean-girl-starved-online-game
169 https://safercommunity.net/wp-content/uploads/NIDA-Drugs_Brain_and_Behavior.pdf
170 (obsolete)
171 https://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1119598109
172 https://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2010/oct/31/race-bias-drug-arrests-claim
173 https://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/17/opinion/17carter.html
174 https://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2007/feb/11/uk.drugsandalcohol1
175 https://www.ukcia.org/research/ProjectionsOfImpactOfRiseInUse/ProjectionsOfImpactOfRiseInUse.pdf
176 https://beckleyfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Public-letter-2011.pdf
177 https://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/drugs/drug-law/
178 https://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1887488,00.html
179 (obsolete)
180 https://www.nbcnews.com/id/35914759/ns/business-world_business/t/wachovia-settle-drug-money-laundering-case
181 https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-435393/Exclusive-Cameron-DID-smoke-cannabis.html
182 https://www.lawrencephillips.net/decision-conferences.html
183 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/theroyalfamily/10662283/Royal-polo-coach-Carlos-Gracida-dies-in-accident.html
184 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2050324518767442
185 https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsrelatedtodrugpoisoninginenglandandwales/2017registrations#deaths-from-selected-substances
186 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24345398
187 https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.12.015
188 https://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.114.152751
189 https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsrelatedtodrugpoisoninginenglandandwales/2015registrations
190 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte%27s_web_(cannabis)
191 https://www.bmj.com/content/365/bmj.l1903
192 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabis_in_Uruguay
193 https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881119841568
194 https://drugscience.org.uk/better-late-than-never-after-82-years-the-who-reviews-cannabis/
195 https://www.libdems.org.uk/a_regulated_cannabis_market_for_the_UK
196 https://www.pharmaceutical-journal.com/opinion/comment/medicinal-cannabis-time-for-a-comeback/20067185.article
197 https://www.statista.com/statistics/283103/possession-of-drugs-in-england-and-wales-uk-y-on-y/
198 https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-08-scientists-genes-cannabis.html
199 https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(14)00117-5
200 https://www.kcl.ac.uk/ioppn/news/records/2015/February/Skunk-like-cannabis-associated-with-24-of-new-psychosis-cases.aspx
201 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anandamide
202 https://www.livescience.com/65100-woman-cant-feel-pain.html
203 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/acmd-report-on-the-major-cannabinoid-agonists
204 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/acmd-further-consideration-of-the-synthetic-cannabinoids
205 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/politics/2019/04/03/zombie-drug-spice-linked-trebling-non-natural-prisoner-deaths/
206 https://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/summer-2018-people-still-slumped-14997815
207 https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-45386076
208 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/03/25/criminals-use-dead-rats-smuggle-spice-jail-prison-black-market/
209 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rimonabant
210 https://nccd.cdc.gov/DPH_ARDI/Default/Report.aspx?T=AAM&P=f6d7eda7-036e-4553-9968-9b17ffad620e&R=d7a9b303-48e9-4440-bf47-070a4827e1fd&M=8E1C5233-5640-4EE8-9247-1ECA7DA325B9&F=&D=
211 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2050324518789219
212 https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/06/nih-pulls-plug-controversial-alcohol-trial
213 https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)31772-0/fulltext
214 https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181219142540.htm
215 https://www.thespiritsbusiness.com/2019/02/low-and-no-alcohol-category-poorly-served/
216 https://www.businessinsider.com/companies-funding-anti-marijuana-legalization-2016-11
217 https://www.reuters.com/article/us-canopy-growth-stake-constellation/corona-owner-invests-another-4-billion-in-cannabis-producer-canopy-idUSKBN1L0155
218 https://mashable.com/article/eu-cars-speed-limiter-breathalyzer/
219 https://www.alcarelle.com
220 https://neptune-clinical-guidance.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/NEPTUNE-Guidance-March-2015.pdf
221 https://www.wedinos.org
222 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/feb/04/philip-seymour-hoffman-curing-addiction-david-nutt
223 https://edition.cnn.com/2013/09/02/world/americas/mexico-drug-war-fast-facts/index.html
224 https://www.globalcommissionondrugs.org/wp-content/themes/gcdp_v1/pdf/Global_Commission_Report_English.pdf
225 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_smoking_bans_in_the_United_States
226 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-40444460
227 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29505470
228 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2019/jan/30/the-white-stuff-why-britain-cant-get-enough-cocaine
229 https://publichealthmatters.blog.gov.uk/2018/07/03/turning-the-tide-on-tobacco-smoking-in-england-hits-a-new-low/
230 https://digital.nhs.uk/news-and-events/news-archive/2016-news-archive/hospital-admissions-estimated-to-be-attributable-to-smoking-go-up-by-5-per-cent-in-ten-years
231 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/658056/Adult-statistics-from-the-national-drug-treatment-monitoring-system-2016-2017.pdf
232 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26242225
233 https://www.gov.uk/government/news/tobacco-displays-in-shops-to-end-from-today
234 https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/healthandlifeexpectancies/bulletins/adultsmokinghabitsingreatbritain/2017
235 https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2018/p0118-smoking-rates-declining.html
236 https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/360220
237 https://www.gov.uk/government/news/e-cigarettes-around-95-less-harmful-than-tobacco-estimates-landmark-review
238 https://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140-6736(15)00253-6.pdf
239 https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201800321
240 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/jan/21/up-to-a-million-britons-use-steroids-for-looks-not-sport
241 https://www.inverse.com/article/55955-anabolic-steroid-survey-misuse
242 https://www.nbcwashington.com/news/sports/NATL-Andre-Agassi-Admits-to-Using-Crystal-Meth-66510482.html
243 https://www.hurstpublishers.com/book/shooting-up/
244 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002839081730638X
245 https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30065-7
246 https://edition.cnn.com/2015/11/20/world/syria-fighters-amphetamine/index.html
247 https://www.unodc.org/wdr2018/prelaunch/WDR18_Booklet_2_GLOBAL.pdf
248 https://www.avert.org/professionals/hiv-around-world/eastern-europe-central-asia/russia
249 https://ascopubs.org/doi/full/10.1200/JGO.2016.008490
250 https://www.lse.ac.uk/ideas/research/reports/after-drugs
251 https://www.globalcommissionondrugs.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/GCDP-Report-2016-ENGLISH.pdf
252 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fear_and_Loathing_in_Las_Vegas
253 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4610750/
254 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q-lwC3cX5mA
255 https://drugscience.org.uk/thcv-an-abject-cop-out-from-the-acmd-another-research-opportunity-for-the-uk-lost/
256 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CRISPR
257 https://www.nta.nhs.uk
258 (obsolete)
259 https://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7879378.stm
260 https://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_determinants/life_style/Tobacco/Documents/eb_253_en.pdf
261 https://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8592103.stm
262 https://www.greenbooks.co.uk/the-hempcrete-book
263 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pete_Doherty
264 https://www.brookings.edu/research/the-political-mapping-of-chinas-tobacco-industry-and-anti-smoking-campaign/
265 https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(07)60678-3/fulltext
266 https://hashmuseum.com/en/collection
267 https://www.channel4.com/press/news/drugs-live-cannabis-trial
268 https://www.channel4.com/press/news/drugs-live-ecstasy-experiment
269 https://www.centreforsocialjustice.org.uk/core/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Breakdown-Britain.pdf
270 https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tobacco
271 https://harpers.org/archive/2016/04/legalize-it-all/
272 https://www.channel4.com/news/factcheck/factcheck-war-drugs-war-black-americans
273 https://www.theadvocatesforhumanrights.org/uploads/chapter_9-child_soldiers.pdf
274 https://drugscience.org.uk/briefing-notes-on-the-psychoactive-substances-bill-2015
275 https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2012/nov/05/iain-duncan-smith-adviser-lobbying
276 https://drugscience.org.uk/how-the-law-against-synthetic-cannabinoids-might-destroy-pharmaceutical-discovery-in-the-uk/
277 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31081439
278 https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-the-pain-drug-that-killed-prince-can-be-especially-dangerous/
279 https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/jun/03/purdue-opioids-lawsuit-oxycontin-california-maine-hawaii
280 https://www.whitehouse.gov/opioids/
281 https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/propofol-the-drug-that-killed-michael-jackson-201111073772
282 https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/taxpayersalliance/pages/9387/attachments/original/1526051770/Cannabis_Legalisation.pdf?1526051770
283 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/14/legal-marijuana-medical-use-crime-rate-plummets-us-study
284 https://www.popmatters.com/174749-smoke-signals-a-social-history-of-marijuana-2495729874.html
285 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marihuana_Tax_Act_of_1937#cite_note-8
286 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemp_Farming_Act_of_2018
287 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/026988119300700112
288 https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/statistics-on-alcohol/2018/part-1
289 https://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/local-alcohol-profiles
290 https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/statistics-on-alcohol/2018/part-1#estimated-alcohol-related-hospital-admissions-broad-measure
291 https://www.independent.co.uk/news/health/alcohol-deaths-dependence-addiction-liver-disease-austerity-nhs-digital-record-a8764671.html
292 https://www.ias.org.uk/uploads/pdf/Factsheets/FS%20marketing%20012017.pdf
293 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_alcohol_laws_of_the_United_States
294 https://www.ukdpc.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/Analogue-control-19.06.12.pdf
295 https://www.nature.com/articles/s41380-018-0107-4
296 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amy_Winehouse
297 https://www.kcl.ac.uk/ioppn/about/difference/14-preventing-deaths-from-heroin-overdose-at-home
298 https://sph.unc.edu/sph-news/former-inmates-at-high-risk-for-opioid-overdose-following-prison-release/
299 https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=2141&context=hbspapers
300 https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/news/philip-seymour-hoffman-dead-it-was-anything-i-could-get-my-hands-on-actor-said-of-his-early-drug-use-9102699.html
301 https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/adult_data/cig_smoking/index.htm
302 https://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/2008/en/
303 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/729249/drug-misuse-2018-hosb1418.pdf
304 https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/passive-smoking-causes-1-per-cent-of-all-worlds-deaths-2144075.html
305 https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-juul-altriagroup-m-a/altria-to-buy-12-8-billion-minority-stake-in-e-cigarette-company-juul-idUKKCN1OJ1VX
306 https://filtermag.org/fda-ecigs-seizures-public-misinformed-tobacco-harm-reduction/
307 https://www.clivebates.com/England
308 https://drugscience.org.uk/harms-of-nicotine-containing-products
309 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/457102/Ecigarettes_an_evidence_update_A_report_commissioned_by_Public_Health_England_FINAL.pdf
310 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/jan/21/up-to-a-million-britons-use-steroids-for-looks-not-sport
311 https://www.nhs.uk/news/medication/anabolic-steroid-use-rising/
312 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00213-017-4771-x
313 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/dec/26/mexico-maelstrom-how-the-drug-violence-got-so-bad
314 https://edition.cnn.com/2016/03/23/politics/john-ehrlichman-richard-nixon-drug-war-blacks-hippie/index.html
315 https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/John_Ehrlichman
316 https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/deaths-from-legal-highs-are-overestimated-according-to-former-government-drugs-adviser-professor-9190739.html
317 https://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/43624
318 https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/alcohol-and-drug-misuse-prevention-and-treatment-guidance
319 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ana.24396
320 https://thehorse.com/129718/cdc-study-more-than-100000-horse-related-injuries-per-year/
321 https://www.theguardian.com/music/2019/apr/26/peter-doherty-if-i-was-drug-free-id-be-a-force-to-be-reckoned-with
322 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tips.2017.08.003
323 (obsolete)
324 https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/analysis.html
325 https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/rr/rr6501e1.htm
326 https://nationalacademies.org/hmd/Reports/2017/pain-management-and-the-opioid-epidemic.aspx
327 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29610897
328 https://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1903434116
329 https://trends.google.co.uk/trends/explore?date=2004-01-01%202012-07-01&geo=GB&q=Mephedrone
330 https://www.archives.gov/research/military/vietnam-war/casualty-statistics
331 https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/opioids/opioid-overdose-crisis
332 https://theconversation.com/why-big-pharma-must-disclose-payments-to-patient-groups-108389
333 https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=808171
334 https://www.healthnewsreview.org/2018/03/pharma-backing-of-advocacy-groups-a-call-for-transparency/
335 https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/hsph-in-the-news/opioids-doctors-prescriptions-payments/
336 https://edition.cnn.com/2018/03/11/health/prescription-opioid-payments-eprise/index.html
337 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-38756409
338 https://www.apa.org/monitor/2012/01/social-problems
339 https://drugscience.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/cannabis-essay-BMJ1.pdf
340 https://www.votehemp.com
341 https://www.drugscience.org.uk/assets/WHOcannabisreport.pdf
342 https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20171114114311/https://www.alcohollearningcentre.org.uk/_assets/AlcoholAttributableFractions.pdf
343 https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881113512038
344 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23983925
345 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK37605/
346 https://www.theguardian.com/music/2011/may/20/pete-doherty-jailed-possessing-cocaine
347 https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tobacco
348 https://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/mpower_report_tobacco_crisis_2008.pdf
349 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/669021/UK-drug-situation-2016-report.pdf
350 https://www.nature.com/articles/nrn2884